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The objective of this report is to identify areas that the African Development Bank (AfDB) and its partners could target to empower women economically in agriculture. Addressing the barriers that reduce the participation of women along the agricultural value chain, from production through to processing and trade will be pivotal in transforming their role in the sector and in empowering them economically. Four sub-sectors were selected for analysis in this study: cocoa, coffee, cotton and cassava. The first three were selected based on their economic significance for the region, due to their...
This report aims to help companies close productivity and efficiency gaps in agribusiness value chains, particularly those in smallholder production. At each stage—(1) input provision and use; (2) production; (3) post-harvest processing and storage; and (4) transportation, marketing, and sales—it outlines key challenges that women face, highlights business benefits, and offers potential private sector solutions. Companies can use this report as a resource to understand how gender dynamics impact their businesses, identify steps they can take to address constraints, and ultimately strengthen...
This paper applies the Total Portfolio Activation framework to help mission investors maximize their social and environmental impact across their entire portfolios and to generate positive benefits for women and girls. It presents concrete examples of leading opportunities, as well as a variety of case studies of investors, funds, and initiatives that integrate gender considerations into their investment activities. Authors: Kristin Lang, Joshua Humphreys, Christi Electris Source: Croatan Institute
This paper provides a framework for impact investors as they consider how to invest in issues related to food and agriculture across asset classes, including public equities, fixed income, venture capital, and real assets. By identifying these opportunities for investment, investors can maximize the potential for positive impact and portfolio returns. Author: Kristin Lang, Joshua Humphreys, and Andreea Rodinciuc  Source: Croatan Institute
This document, Towards Gender-Equitable Small-Scale Fisheries – A handbook In support of the implementation of the voluntary Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries in the Context of Food Security and Poverty Eradication (henceforth the “handbook”), was developed to support gender-equitable small-scale fisheries by enhancing the understanding of their gender dimensions, with a focus on the specific role and conditions of women in the small-scale fisheries sector. The handbook is organized into three parts: ›› PART 1 briefly explains the concepts of gender and gender...
This report highlights that with a “gender lens” approach to energy access programs, the millions of dollars flowing to energy access initiatives around the globe can have a greater impact on women’s empowerment.The purpose of this report is to reach a common understanding of this linkage and to establish a framework that takes this into account. With such a framework, the millions of dollars owing to energy access initiatives around the globe can have a greater impact on the women and communities they are intended to serve. To investigate this gender-energy nexus, the authors analyzed a...
Manipadma Jena highlights in this article that women's secure tenure rights lead to several positive development outcomes for them and their families, including resilience to climate change shocks, economic productivity, food security, health, and education. She highlights that climate change is ushering in new population dynamics. As men’s outmigrationcfrom indigenous and local communities continue to rise due to  fall  in land productivity, population growth and increasing outside opportunities for  wage labor, more women are left behind as de facto land managers, assuming even greater...
This Briefing Paper explores the key human rights and environmental and social principles set forth in the preamble of the Paris Agreement, including the linkages to existing international obligations, and how these principles can be integrated into four key elements of the Paris Rule Book: Nationally Determined Contributions, Adaptation Communications, the Transparency Framework, and the Global Stocktake (without precluding the relevance of other aspects of the work of the APA or work under other bodies in the UNFCCC). The first section of this briefing provides information on the key...
This is the second report of the UNHigh-Level Panel on Women’s Economic Empowerment and stresses that building women’s economic empowerment must be done in ways that leaves nobody behind, particularly the most marginalized women at the bottom of the pyramid. The Panel lays out concrete actions for accelerating progress towards women’s full and equal economic participation. Some of these measures include: actions to eliminate violence against women (at home and in the workplace), sharing the burden of unpaid care work, ensuring women’s access to financial services and new technology,...
Oxfam asserts that effective economic empowerment for women occurs when women enjoy their rights to control and benefit from resources, assets, income and their own time, and when they have the ability to manage risk and improve their economic status and wellbeing. However, for Women’s Economic Empowerment (WEE) to translate into meaningful empowerment, women must also have the autonomy and self-belief to make changes in their own lives, including having the agency and power to organize and influence decision making, while enjoying equal rights to men. This framework is intended to assist the...

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