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This Oxfam's Women’s Empowerment  Index supports efforts to rigorously assess, demonstrate and learn about the impact of development interventions that are working towards women’s empowerment. The Index was designed to establish causality when integrated within impact evaluation designs, while also providing a numerical value for empowerment that could be generalized to the entire population under analysis. Recognizing that empowerment is a multi-dimensional concept, the measurement tool also needed to combine information from a variety of indicators into one composite index. This index...
This UNwomen publication aims to build knowledge on women’s representation in national delegations to meetings of the United Nations and of other international organizations’ governing bodies and their leadership roles in these meetings. It is based in part on responses to a questionnaire sent in October 2016 to members of the United Nations Governing Bodies Secretariat and of the International Gender Champions–Geneva to assess women’s participation in different intergovernmental processes. The survey sought input on the various policies and strategies that agencies use to track and improve...
This UNDP policy brief argues that the agency of rural female farmers is essential for enhancing agricultural productivity and realizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including ensuring food security (SDG 2) and addressing the perils of climate change (SDG 13). Despite significant strides in addressing gender inequalities over the years, rural women are still among the most marginalized groups in society and are particularly vulnerable to current and future climate change and food insecurity. Given these close relationships, the response to climate change vis-à-vis the...
The paper seeks to examine the relationship between unpaid care work and paid work that women in low-income households in Nepal perform, and whether and if so how they are able to maintain a balance between the two. It also examines the causes and consequences of the double burden on the physical and emotional well-being of women and their children. Further, the paper aims to create knowledge about how different stakeholders such as family, community, employers and state can contribute to women’s economic empowerment such that their economic empowerment is optimised (women’s entry into paid...
This Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI) report provides an unprecedented assessment of the status of developing countries’ legal frameworks regarding women’s community land rights, and whether states are meeting their obligations under national and international laws. It also provides a baseline with which to measure global progress and report against the Sustainable Development Goals related to women’s rights. Critically, the report reveals that governments are not providing equal rights and protections to indigenous and rural women and are failing to meet their international commitments...
This guide is developed to support Oxfam country programmes as they redouble efforts to tackle the severe inequalities that are holding back progress in developing countries. This guide was built in response to requests from staff in the Horn of East and Central Africa Region (HECA) who wanted to have a stronger and shared understanding of the most important drivers of inequality and what Oxfam partners and allies might do to tackle those inequalities through more effective programming. Oxfam is now developing a global one-Oxfam programme 'Fiscal Accountability for Inequality Reduction' (FAIR...
This paper argues that closing the gender gap in land and other productive resources can provide a “triple dividend” of gender equality, food security and climate management, thereby offering a cost-effective approach to the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals. This paper proposes a three-step methodology to assist policy-makers in developing countries in disentangling the opportunities and trade-offs of different policies and interventions to close the gender gap that impedes climate-smart agriculture (CSA) for women. Barrier and risk analyses are increasingly used to identify...
This UNDP policy brief presents argument that gender-responsive climate finance is more effective and Climate finance could catalyse women’s empowerment. It also addressing the ‘implementation gap’ – towards a meaningful gender mainstreaming in climate funds. The brief recommends that:  Climate finance funds and mechanisms must be attuned to the needs of and involve the most vulnerable groups of society, including poor women and men. Needs and priorities of the poor and marginalized segments of society (including women), should become a priority in approving investments on climate change. ...
This BSR(Business for Social Responsibility) Guidance was developed to address this weakness in codes of conduct by offering a gender-sensitive analysis of codes of conduct principles—with a primary focus on women—and making recommendations on how companies can strengthen their clauses to promote gender equality in the workplace, with a specific focus on developing and emerging markets-based supply chains.The Guidance, is structured around two main sections: Traditional issues found in codes related to conditions of employment and employment-related benefits and rights (what we identify as...
The UNWomen guidebook intends to help practitioners and stakeholders integrate gender equality considerations in climate projects and leverage co-benefits between gender equality and climate action for sustainable development. It is divided into three parts: 1) an overview of co-benefits between gender equality and climate action; 2) an introduction to climate finance concepts, sources and instruments, and a discussion of their associated gender dimensions; and 3) a review of mainstreaming methodologies and tools to incorporate gender in climate change projects.  Authors: Yannick Glemarec, ...

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